EAST NUSA TENGGARA - KUPANG NTT
East Nusa Tenggara Islands have been shaped by the power and force of an
enormous chain of mountains and volcanoes, which begins from the North of
Sumatra and stretches east across Java. The province consists of over 550
islands, but is dominated by the three main islands of Flores, Sumba and Timor.
Occupying a unique position at the junction of Australian and Asian submarine
ridges marked by the Wallace Line, it is one the world's most dynamic and exotic
marine environments with nearly every species of coral and tropical fish
represented. The arid landscape of eastern and southeastern Nusa Tenggara is the
result of hot, dry winds blasting in from the Australian continent. In fact, in
many coastal areas not a drop of rain falls during most of the year. Flores is a
Portuguese name, which means 'flower' and ideally describes the beauty to be
found here. This long island between Sumbawa and Timor is crowded with volcanoes
and mountains dividing it into several distinct regions
with individual languages and traditions. Predominantly Catholic and heavily
influenced by the Portuguese, there are many examples of a strong European
cultural heritage like eastern procession held in Larantuka and the royal
regalia of the former king in Maumere. Formerly known as the Sandalwood Island,
Sumba is now famous for its horses and an excellent style of ikat cloth.
Spirits, both ancestral and natural are worshipped. Although some exist in East
Sumba,it is in West Sumba that there are a number of enormous megalithic tombs
and traditional thatched and peaked huts raised on stilts. It is here where
incredible rituals take place, such as 'Pasola' where hundreds of horsemen fling
spreads at each other in an annual ritual. Many traditional ceremonies, all with
a component paying homage to the spirits, take place from July to October
including the traditional houses and burials when sometimes hundreds of pigs,
water buffaloes, horses, and dogs are scarified. Other ceremonies include 'Pajura'
or traditional boxing, festivals for the Lunar New Year in October and November,
horse races and ritual dances.
East Nusa Tenggara is one of the four provinces in the Nusa Tenggara (Southeast
Islands). Starting from Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, and east
Timor. It stretch is between 118° and 125° east longitude, and between 1 18° and
125°southern latitude lines, and between 8° and 12 ° southern latitude lines.
The territory of East Nusa Tenggara Province comprises 566 islands. The three
main islands are Flores, Sumba and Timor from which come the term FLOBAMOR,
which has been familiar as one of the names of East Nusa Tenggara. Flores is the
main volcanic island and has many unique and spectacular attractions, one of
these is Mount Kelimutu with its lakes of distinct color variation, has become
one of the fabled destinations travelers. Sumba is the island famous for its
arts, handicrafts, particularly the textile weaving and cultural assets. The
other name given to East Nusa Tenggara is "Nusa Cendana" the Sandalwood Island.
Geologically, East Nusa Tenggara can be regarded as being divided into two
zones: first, the volcanic inner curve formed by the islands Rinca, Komodo,
Flores, Alor, Pantar, Adonara, Lembata and Solor, which have fertile soils and
second, the out curve with limestone and rock formation, made up of the island
Sumba, Sabu, Rote, Semau and Timor(Now is Timor Leste Country).
The total number of NTT inhabitants in 2001 was 3,888.735 - 1,919.644 (49.36%)
men and 1,969.091 (50.64%) women. The most populated is Manggarai regency
(621,989 people) and Kupang city is the most densely populated (1,517.30 people
per square kilometer).
Due to central highlands and their closeness to Australia, the seasons are
irregular. Generally the islands are semi-arid, with a longer dry season lasting
from March to November. The wet season lasts from December to March, but can be
considerably shorter and small island of Savu.The average rainfall of this
region is between 36 - 4,127 mm/year. The temperature is range from 20.3 C to
East Nusa Tenggara is mountainous, and very steep slopes are everywhere besides
some not too wide plateaus or uplands. The lowlands are a long the coastal areas
only. Despite of the situation, most part of this region is not fertile, since
the rainfall varies between 500 mm and 2000 mm a year.
East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) is includes 566 islands. In addition, there are 524
uninhabited islands. It covers an area of about 47,349.9 square kilometers,
including 200,000 square kilometers of maritime territory. Roughly 57 percent of
the territory is hilly, with cliffs. The lowlands lay generally around the
beaches and river mouths.
The area of East Nusa Tenggara occupies an area of 49,879.98 square kilometers,
and has a population of more than 3,500.000. It is divided into 12 regencies and
one municipality. Kupang regency is the largest region (7,178.26 square
kilometers) and the smallest region is Kupang city (160.34 km2).
There are a lot of languages spoken in East Nusa Tenggara coming from as many
different which groups of the population. Bahasa Indonesia is the national
language in Malay, written in Roman script and based in European orthography. In
all tourist destination areas English is the number one foreign language fairly
spoken and written.
PLACE OF INTEREST
A small island of 280 square km, Komodo is located between the islands of
Sumbawa and Flores. The island is almost all hill and barren except for palm
trees and some wood but it is famous for its giant lizards which are considered
the last of their kind remaining in the world today. To many modern naturalists,
East Nusa Tenggara is so particularly interesting, because of this unique
species, called the Komodo Dragon. Called "ora" by the local people, Komodo
dragon (Varnus Komodoensis) is actually a giant monitor lizard. Growing up to 3
to 4 meters in length, its ancestors roamed the earth up to about half a million
years ago. Komodo lives on carrions of goats, deer, and even the carcasses of
its own kind. The only human population on the island is at the fishing village
called Komodo who supplement their income breeding goats which are used to feed
the lizards. The Komodo is protected by law and though they are considered
harmless, it is advisable to keep them at a distance. Komodo is now a nature
reserve being part of a national park. It is home to a number of rare bird
species, deer, and wild pigs, which are prey to the lizards as well. To see the
lizards in the day time, baits have to be set in the hinterland where local
guides are necessary. The sea surrounding the island offers vistas of sea life,
crystal clear waters, and white sandy beaches. The only accommodation available
is in simple guest houses in the fishing village. lt is advisable to carry food
supplies. The best time to visit the island is between March and June, and
between October and December. Komodo is accessible from the sea only. Fly to
Labuan Bajo, from where it is about 3-4 hours by boat to the island.
The provincial capital of East Nusa Tenggara in western Tim with approximately
522 944 inhabitants makes it the large urban center of the province. It is the
centre of government business, trade, and education. The only sandalwood oil
factor in Indonesia is located in this town. Here one can see the distillation
of sandalwood oil which is famous in East Nusa Tenggara.
The Museum in Kupang has on display items of historical and cultural value.
An ideal tourist recreation spot, where the beach faces westward to watch
A lovely community about 45 km from Kupang with regular market days and a
natural swimming pool, where traditionally people
bathe, do their laundry, and sosialize. Camplong is also c forest reserve where
some scarce animals, such as deer (Cervus Timorensis), parrots, monkeys, etc. in
the reservation, are protected.
Thirty minutes by boat from Kupang and is certainly worth it to stay there one
whole day. No noise and uncrowded is what this island place stands for. it is a
holiday village for everyone and a good place to relax as it offers a haven for
those from the city. The surrounding waters is a paradise for snorkeling
swimming, and other water sports. Barbeque on the beach is desirable, Bamboo
cottages are available right on the white sandy beaches.
A port town on the northeastern coast of Flores and a stopover on the way to
Ende or to Larantuka. It is well connected by air with Kupang, Denpasar, and
Ujung Pandang, and noted for its good beaches. The bay of Maumere is considered
the best diving spot (Floras-Marine Resort ) as it promises extremely rich
marine life. The resort- is a paradise for all divers, underwater photographers,
and for everyone interested in marine biology. Ledalero museum at the outskirts
of Maumere has an interesting collection of ethnological objects from the
region. Visitors are welcome but advance arrangements should be made. Ledalero
is also a name of a major catholic Seminary from where many of Florinese priests
This town contains the home in-exile of former and first Indonesian president,
Soekarno, while in banishment during the early period of nationalist movements
in 1936. The house has been repaired and is today a museum.
Kelimutu Lake (Three-colors-lake)
East Nusa Tenggara's natural wonder and one of Indonesia'a most mysterious and
dramatic sights that can be found on top of this mountain, some 66 km from Ende,
or 83 km from Maumere. It has a unique and spectacular view on its three crater
lakes with their respective colours. The colors, however, have changed
continually since the eruption of Mount Iya in Ende in 1969. The surrounding
villages are good places serving as bases for visits to Kelimutu, particularly
those who wish to have a more leisurely pace and en joy the views along the road
between Ende and Maumere, or spend more time in Kelimutu. Those little villages
are also known for their excellent weaving-all hand-made, still using natural
A lime town inhabited by fishermen, lies at the extreme western part of Flores.
The town serves as a jumping-off point for the trip to Komodo Island. lt is a
beautiful area for water skiing, wind surfing, fishing, and many other marine
activities. Pede Beach is an ideal place to do all this and from where sunsets
are beautifully visible.
A little port nestled at the base of a tall hill at the eastern end of Flores,
from where Solor, Adonara, and Lembata island ( the small islands near by) are
visible across the narrow strait. An old Portuguese cultural heritage like the
Easter Procession is held in this town, and worth seeing. Lamalera Whale Hunting
Lamalera on Lembata Island is a whaling village. The months of May to September
make up the whale hunting season for the people of Lamalera. Using simple
traditional tools as small row boats and the handthrown harpoons, the hunters
sail out to hunt these giant creatures of the sea. The catch is either consumed
A neat little town in Western Sumba, full of old graves carved in motifs of
buffalo- horns, man-heads, horses, nude men or
women symbolizing social status or the wealth of the people. Right in the
capital city of Waikabubak, you can see the following tombs: Kadung Tana, Watu
Karagata, and Bulu Peka Mila. Tarung village, an important ceremonial centre, is
located on top of a hill, just a half kilometer to the west of Waikabubak. There
are several megalithic tombs. The front of many traditional houses are decorated
with huge water buffalo horns from the animals sacrificed during rituals of
years gone by.
The village is about 20 km from Waikabubak with its large graveyard The largest
megalithic tombs in Sumba ). The tombs are
always with unusual carvings. Anakalang is the site of the "Purung Takadonga
Ratu", an important mass mariage festival held
every two years, on a date determinated by the full moon.
The most exciting ritual western of Sumba is to be witnessed right here. Where
else in the world can you see colourful horsemen trying to kill each other. The
ceremony is in February in Lamboya and Kodi, and in March in Gaura and Wanukaka.
The main activities start several days after the full moon and coincide with the
yearly arrival to shore of strange, multihued sea worms.
Although perhaps 40% population of East Sumba follows the "merapu" religion as
their brothers in the western part the out ward manifestations are not nearly as
spectacular of frequent. This region 14 better known for its "ikat" weaving.
Near Waingapu, Kuta Beach is a Good. place to relax, and further down coast,
near Baing (125 km from Waingapu), there is great surfing at Kalala Beach. The
waves are best from December to May.
Accommodation - Places To Stay in
- East Nusa Tenggara
Sasando International Hotel*
Flobamor II Hotel*
Permata Sari Hotel*
Flobamor II Hotel*
Permata Sari Hotel*
Pantai Timor Hotel
Orchid Garden Hotel
- Places To Stay in Soe
- East Nusa Tenggara
- Places To Stay in
Kalabahi - East Nusa
- Places To Stay in Maumere
- East Nusa Tenggara
Sao Wisata Hotel
Permah Sari Hotel
- Places To Stay in Labuan
Bajo - East Nusa Tenggara
Golo Hill Top Hotel
- Places To Stay in Sumba
Island - East Nusa Tenggara