Eco Tours Indonesia Overviews
Indonesia is the biggest islands country in the world, located in tropical area that warm always in the year.
Have Indonesia become your destination vacation!
There are many kinds of object tourism in which you can not find in your country, such as: the beautiful beach to have swimming and surfing, the beautiful mountain, the great historic things: Temples, Crater, etc. There are also varieties of Indonesia culture. The cost to have a vacation to Indonesia is cheap. The society are very friendly and make your vacation will terrific. Welcome to Indonesia Expedition, Last Eden of A Tropical Paradise in The World with An Ecological Adventure Journeys The name Indonesia has its roots in two Greek words: “Indos” meaning Indian and “Nesos” which means islands. It is an appropriate description of the archipelago as there are estimated to be a total of 17,508 islands, of which only about 6,000 are inhabited, stretching for 5,150 km between the Australian and Asian continental mainland’s and dividing the Pacific and Indian Oceans at the Equator. Five main islands and 30 smaller archipelagoes are home to the majority of the population. The main islands are Sumatra (473,6O6 sq.km), Kalimantan 1539,400 sq.km), Sulawesi l 189,216 sq. km),
Let’s go to Indonesia Archipelago – HOLIDAY and LEARNING
Irian Jaya (421,981 sq. km), and last but not least Java (132,187 sq.km), home to 70 percent of the country’s population. Indonesia shares Irian Jaya with Papua New Guinea and two thirds of the island of Kalimantan with Malaysia and Borneo.
The islands and people of Indonesia constitute the fourth most populated nation in the world. As a democratic republic, Indonesia is divided into 32 provinces, special territories and classified geographically into four groups.
First are the Greater Sundas, made up of the larger islands of Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan and Sulawesi.Second are the Lesser Sundas, consisting of smaller islands from Bali eastward to Timor. Third is Maluku which includes all the islands between Irian Jaya and Sulawesi. The fourth and final group is lrian Jaya in the extreme eastern part of the country.
Indonesia is a vast and beautifully diverse country stretching for more than 5,000 kms across I the equator. It would simply be impossible to see everything that this, the world’s largest archipelago, has to offer in a short length of time. This Travel Planner therefore, offers essential information by dealing only with major tourist attractions which are easily accessible by air, sea and land.
In the past most popular destination for visitors to Indonesia has undoubtedly been Bali. In recent years however, other areas are also becoming popular and 24 top priority areas have been selected by the Directorate General of Tourism to provide visitors with the quintessential soul of Indonesia. These are: Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, Aceh, North Sumatra, West Sumatra, South Sumatra, Riau Bengkulu, Lampung, South Sulawesi, North Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi, East Kalimantan, West Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, Maluku, and Irian Jaya.
Variety is the spice life and nowhere is this more true than in Indonesia. No two places are alike in unspoiled beauty, art, culture and people. The towering mountains and primitive cultures of Irian Jaya contrast sharply with the terraced hills, and highly sophisticated societies of Bali and Java and the animistic beliefs which still have a major influence on the way of life in South Sulawesi. “Unity in Diversity”, which is the country’s motto, accurately describe these diverse cultures and extraordinary people brought together to create one nation with one national language, Bahasa Indonesia. For the traveler, Indonesia offers a fine blend of scenic beauty, fauna and flora, culture, marine parks and a wide collection of modern accommodation. International gateways providing easy access for travelers in Indonesia are: Jakarta, Denpasar (Bali) and Medan (North Sumatra) Other ports of entry and exit have been targeted as international gateways but are currently in the development stages. These include; Manado ( North Sulawesi), Ambon (Maluku), Batu Besar (Batam), Pekan Baru (Riau), Balikpapan (East Kalimantan), Surabaya (East Java), Kupang (East Nusa Tenggara), Pontianak (West Kalimantan) and Biak (Irian Jaya).
The Culture and Art
Indonesia is rich in art and culture which are intertwined with religion and age-old traditions from the time of early migrants with Western thoughts brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists. The basic principles which guide life include the concepts of mutual assistance or “gotong royong” and consultations or “musyawarah” to arrive at a consensus or “mufakat” Derived from rural life, this system is still very much in use in community life throughout the country. Though the legal system is based on the old Dutch penal code, social life as well as the rites of passage are founded on customary or “adat” law which differs from area to area. “Adat” law has a binding impact on Indonesian life and it may be concluded that this law has been instrumental in maintaining equal rights for women in the community. Religious influences on the community are variously evident from island to island.
Unlike some countries art forms in Indonesia are not only based on folklore, as many were developed in the courts of former kingdoms such as in Bali, where they are part of religious ceremonies. The famous dance dramas of Java and Bali are derived from Hindu mythology and often feature fragments from the Ramayana and Mahabharata Hindu epics. Highly stylized in movement and costume, dances and the “wayang” drama are accompanied by a full “gamelan” orchestra comprising xylophones, drums, gongs, and in some cases string instruments and flutes. Bamboo xylophones are used in North Sulawesi and the bamboo “angklung” instruments of West Java are well- known for their unique tinkling notes which can be adapted to any melody.
The “Wayang kulit” (leather puppets) of Java is performed with leather puppets held by the puppeteer, who narrates the story of one of the famous episodes of the Hindu epics, the Mahabharata or the Ramayana. It is performed against a white screen while a lantern in the background casts the shadows of the characters on the screen, visible from the other side where the spectators are seated.
The “Wayang Golek” (wooden puppets) of West Java is based on the same concept. The crafts of Indonesia vary in both medium and art form. As a whole the people are artistic by nature and express themselves on canvas, wood, metals, clay and stone. The batik process of waxing and dyeing originated in Java centuries ago and classic designs have been modified with modern trends in both pattern and technology. There are several centers of Batik in Java, the major ones being Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Pekalongan and Cirebon.
Batik is also being produced in some other areas as in Bali where local designs are incorporated. Other provinces produce hand-woven cloths of gold and silver threads, silks or cottons with intricate designs. Painting are numerous all over the country, both traditional and contemporary, woodcarvings for ornamentation and furniture, silverwork and engraving form Yogyakarta and Sumatra, filgree from South Sulawesi and Bali with different styles of clay, sandstone and wood sculptures. These are but a few of the handicrafts found in Indonesia.
Eco Tours Indonesia, Indonesia Tourism Information, Culture, Nature, Tradition and Attractions.
Eco Tours Indonesia – North Sumatera Medan
North Sumatra covers the area of 70,687 sq. km. Medan is the capital city of the province. It becomes the largest city in Sumatra and the third largest city in Indonesia. The native people of this province are the Bataks. Other ethnic groups who live here including Javanese, Acehnese, Arabians, Riau Islanders, Chinese, Indians, and Melayus. These people migrated to North Sumatra to seek fortune, since the province has many commercial centers and plantations. Some sites of interest in this province are Gang Bangkok Mosque (Medan’s oldest mosque), Parisada Hindu Dharma Temple, Vihara Gunung Timur, Roman Catholic and Protestant churches. In addition, the capital city of Medan has several buildings in colonial-styled architectures. These buildings include the central post office and the Dutch Church.
Eco Tours Indonesia – West Sumatera Padang
The capital city of West Sumatra is Padang. The native ethnic group of this province is the Minangkabau. Islam is the main religion of the population. Unlike most ethnic groups in Indonesia who practice patrilineal system, the Minang people practice matrilineal system, where the inheritage rights fall to the women. Perhaps that is why many Minangkabau men leave their villages and work in other places. Usually they open up food vendors and sell Minang foods. Minang foods are very good but they are very hot and spicy. “Rumah Gadang” or the “Big House” is the traditional house of the Minangkabau people. This house has a roof that shaped like buffalo’s horns. The people of Minangkabau used to leave their country and live at other areas of Indonesia, even in Malaysia. If you see a restaurant named “Ruman Makan Padang” it is a Minangkabau restaurant, and sometimes in short called “Rumah Makan Minang”.
Eco Tours Indonesia – South Sumatera Palembang
Situated on the eastern side of the Bukit Barisan mountain range the province of South Sumatra is relatively flat, nevertheless fertile, as numerous rivers crisscross and meander throughout the region. Part of this province are two sizeable islands called Bangka and Belitung, off Sumatra’s east coast in the South Chine Sea. Palembang, its capital city and gateway to the province, lies right on the banks of the great Musi river, 60 km upstream and navigable by oceangoing vessels. No wonder that most major social and economic activities should center in & around Palembang and the Musi river where the region’s pride, the Ampera bridge, is found as well.One of the greatest kingdoms in Indonesian history, the Buddhist Empire of Sriwijaya, prospered along the banks of the Musi River in South Sumatra over a thousand years ago. Located on the southernmost rim of the South China Sea, close to one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes linking the Far Fast with Europe,
Eco Tours Indonesia- Bengkulu Sumatera Island
The province of Bengkulu was established in 1968.The capital city is Bengkulu. Bengkulu became the location where Sukarno (the first president of Indonesia) was exiled by the Dutch in 1938. He was remained there until the arrival of Japanese in 1941. Sukarno designed the Jamik Mosque. One of the special events in this province is the Tabot Festival. It is known as the festival of fifty colorful towers (tabots), which are made of bamboo and decorated with colored paper. This festival is attributed to the heroism of Hassan and Hussein, the grandsons of the Prophet Mohammed. Other interesting places are Panjang Beach and the lake of Dendam Tak Sudah. Bengkulu’s history is been a difficult one, filled with changing colonial rulers, internal Sumatran wars, disease and exploitation of the indigenous peoples. It was the site of Sir Stamford Raffles first entry into Indonesia
Eco Tours Indonesia – Jambi Sumatera Island
Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra. The capital of the province is Jambi city. Most of the region lies along Batanghari River. The languages spoken here are Malay, Jambi, and Indonesian. The native people of this province are “Orang Rimba” or the people of the jungle. Their number in 1998 is about 2,500. Usually the do hunt, gather food from the forest, and practice slash and burn agriculture. Other ethnic groups are Kubu, Melayu, Kerinci, Bajau, Batin, and Penghulu. Traditional dances of this province are Selampit Delapan, Rangkuang, Sekapur Sirih, and Kisan. Others believed that they had fled into the forests rather than embrace Islam. There they became the ancestor of Kubu People ( Suku Anak Dalam ), the forest dwellers that have retained their animist beliefs and hunter-gatherer existence.
Riau Sumatera Island
The capital city of Riau is Pekan Baru. The native people of this province are the Malays. Other groups are Batak, Minangkabau, and Chinese. Riau is a province which consists of many islands that are scattered across the South China Sea. One of them is Batam Island which located approximately 30 minutes by boat from Singapore. This island is an industrial center. Other important island is Bintan Island. Interesting sites in this province are the old palace of Raja Ali and the tombs and graveyards of Raja Jaafar. The territory of this rich province includes a sizable slice of the eastern Sumatran coast and more than 3,000 islands of all sizes. Riau, although comparatively small in both size and population (about 2.5 million), is the heartland of the Malays and the cradle of Indonesia’s Malay-based national language and culture. The first book of Malay grammar, the Bustanul Katibin, was written and published here in 1857. Its links with Johor on the West Malaysian mainland have been long and strong.
Indonesia Tourism Information – Bandar Lampung Sumatera Island
The province of Lampung lies on the southernmost part of Sumatra Island. Its capital is Bandar Lampung. This province has many coffee plantations. Krakatau volcano is located in this province. The port of Bakaheuni in this province and the port of Merak in the province of Banten connected Sumatra and Java Islands. The Lampungnese are an ethnic group centered around the Province of Lampung in the Southern part of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Numbering approximately 5.5 million, the Lampungnese are Muslim. The language spoken by the Lampungnese is a mixture of Arabic, Chinese, Javanese, Bantenese and Sundanese, with a heavier influence from Chinese. Generally Lampungnese speakers can understand Chinese better than they can Bantenese.
Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia. With the population of more than nine millions makes Jakarta becomes the most populated city in Indonesia. The indigenous people of Jakarta are the Betawis. People who live in Jakarta also come from various regions with diverse ethnic backgrounds. These people outnumbered the Betawis.There is the National Monument (MONAS-Monumen National) in Jakarta. There are also many statues in the city, including Welcome Statue (Patung Selamat Datang), Free Irian Statue (Patung Pembebasan Irian), and Farmer Statue (Patung Petani). In addition, there are a miniature of Indonesia or Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII), Taman Impian Jaya Ancol, Taman Ismail Marzuki (TIM), and Ragunan Zoo.
Indonesia Tourism Information – West Java Bandung
The capital city of West Java is Bandung. During the Dutch colonial era, this city became the vacation place for the Dutch people who lived in Batavia (Jakarta). Bandung then was called “Paris van Java.The indigenous people of West Java are the Sundanese, the Bantenese, the Naga people, and the Badui people. Even though these people live in part of Java Island, but their cultures are distinguished from those of the Javanese who live in Central Java and East Java. The Sundanese’s unique musical instruments namely kecapi, angklung, suling, etc. The popular dance of West Java is called Jaipongan. Their traditional martial art is called Pencak Silat. The Sundanese also has traditional shadow play, Wayang Golek.
Indonesia Tourism Information – Yogyakarta Java Island
The capital city of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) is Yogyakarta. DIY is led by the Sultan of Yogyakarta, who acts as the governor. The Sultan entitles Sultan Hamengkubowono which means ‘the universe on the lap of the king. Besides its various traditional performances, this province is known as the center of traditional music gamelan as well as hand-made crafts, such as batik textile and silver jewelry. Interesting sites in this province are Palace of Sultan, Taman Sari, Sono Budoyo Museum, Borobudur Temple, Prambanan Temple, Kalasan temple, Malioboro Street, etc.Gadjah Mada University (UGM), which is the biggest state university in Indonesia, is located in Yogyakarta. Many students from various regions in Indonesia study in UGM and other schools in Yogyakarta.
Central Java Semarang
The province of Central Java includes the Karimun Jawa and the Kangean Islands, which are located in the Java Sea. The indigenous ethnic groups of this province are the Javanese, the Samin people, the Karimun people, and the Kangean people. Central Java’s capital city is Semarang, one of the biggest cities in Indonesia. In this city located the traditional herbal medicine museum, Museum Jamu Nyonya Meneer. There is also a very famous Buddhist temple, Sam Po Kong temple. The city of Solo is also located in this province. Solo is very famous with its batik and dances. There is also the palace of the Sunan (King) in this city. In the region of Muntilan, there is the biggest Buddhist temple in Indonesia, Borobudur Temple. Each year during the Waisak day which falls in May, thousands of the Buddha devotees come and pray at this temple.
Indonesia Tourism Information – East Java Surabaya
East Java includes the island of Madura, which is located in the northeast of the Java Island. East Java’s capital city is Surabaya. Pura Balekambang is located in this province. The grave of the first president of Indonesia, Sukarno, is located in Blitar, East Java. Other important towns in East Java including Kediri, Malang, and Sidoarjo. East Java has a variety of attractions, from temple sites to scenic beaches, a sand-sea, highland-lakes, volcanoes, marine gardens and wildlife reserves. As the power in Central Java declined around the tenth century, powerful kingdoms rose in East Java to fill the vacuum. Between 1055 and 1222, the kingdom of Kediri prospered and expanded. During the reign of king Erlangga both East Java and Bali enjoyed a lucrative trade with the surrounding islands when their arts flourished.
Indonesia Tourism Information – East Kalimantan Borneo Samarinda
East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. Kaltim) is the second largest Indonesian province, located on the Kalimantan region on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda (the capital and a center for timber product) and Balikpapan (a petroleum center with oil refinery). Ever since Indonesia opened its mineral and natural resources for foreign investment in 1970s, East Kalimantan province has experienced major boost of timber, petroleum and other exotic forest products. The state-owned petroleum company Pertamina has been operated in the area since it took control oil refinery from the Royal Dutch Shell company in 1965.The population is a mixture of people from the Indonesian archipelago with Dayaks and Kutai as indigenous ethnic groups living in rural areas. Prominent other migrant ethnic groups include Javanese, Chinese, Banjarese, Bugis and Malays, of which mostly live in coastal areas.
South Kalimantan Borneo Banjar Masin
South Kalimantan is one of the 4 provinces in Kalimantan (formerly called Borneo). It is often called the Province of a Thousand Rivers. One is Barito river, the largest and the longest river in Indonesia which is more than 6,000 km long. One of its tributary rivers is the Martapura river, which in turn has two tributary rivers of its own, the Riam Kanan and Riam Kiwa rivers. Barito connects with the Negara rivers which branches out into lesser rivers. In 1990 the total population of South Kalimantan was 2,463,792 with a growth rate of about 1.8 % annually. 54 % of the population earn their living from agriculture, 15 % from public services, 13 % from the commercial sector and the rest from industry, transport.
Central Kalimantan Borneo Palangka Raya
Central Kalimantan – The capital city of this province is Palangka Raya. The region covers a total area of 153, 800 square kilometers and consists of thick tropical forests, swamps, lakes, and rivers. The native people of this province is the Dayaks. There are many others ethnic groups who live in this province, including the Javanese and the Maduranese. Mandau is the traditional weapon of the Dayaks. This is a sacred weapon and is usually used in wars. Mandau which is approximately 70 cm long, is made of iron, deer horns, bird feathers, and wood. Central Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Tengah often abbreviated to Kalteng) is a province of Indonesia, one of four in Kalimantan – the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. The province has a population of 1.80 million (2000 census). The population grew 2.7% annually between 1990 and 2000, one of the highest provincial growth rates in Indonesia during that time.
West Kalimantan Borneo Pontianak
Pontianak, the capital city of West Kalimantan Province, lies exactly on the equator. Pontianak was founded in 1771, during the reign of the Sultan of Pontianak. The native people of this region are the Dayaks and the Melayus. This province is also called the province of “Seribu Sungai” or “Thousand River” because it has many rivers, big and small. The biggest river is Kapuas River. West Kalimantan is easily accessible from Jakarta or Singapore by air. One of its main attractions is the culture of its Dayak ethnic groups. Most Dayaks live in long houses along rivers which crisscross the land. This province covers an area of 146,807 square km. Its low plains are swampy with more than 100 rivers playing a vital role in communications and the economy. Scattered across the swamps are several lakes and villages, often linked by bridges. The provincial capital, Pontianak lies exactly on the Equator. It is a fast growing city divided into three parts by the Kapuas and Landak rivers.
East Nusa Tenggara Kupang
Kupang is the capital city of the province of East Nusa Tenggara. This province includes hundreds of islands, such as western part of Timor, Roti, Sawu, Solor, Alor, Sumba, Ende, Flores, and Komodo. The biggest lizard in the world can be found in the Komodo Island. The biawak Komodos weight around 50 kilograms. They are carnivores and they prey deer, pigs, birds, and sometimes baby biawaks. They are also able to swim and catch fish. The Kalimutu volcano (1640 meters) is located in the regency of Ende, Central Flores. On the top of this volcano there are three craters which water have different colors: blue, greenish, and red. The colors of the water are constantly changed due to the activity of the magma. The province is also well-known for its tenun ikat (handmade cloth or hand woven textiles).
West Nusa Tenggara Mataram Lombok
The capital of the province of West Nusa Tenggara is Mataram, which located in the Lombok Island. This province includes many islands; the biggest ones are Lombok and Sumbawa. Before the Ducth Colonial era, Lombok Island became part of the Karangasem Kingdom of Estern Bali. The indigenous people of the Lombok Island are the Sasaks. These people practice Islam Wektu Telu, which is a blended between Islam teaching and the local beliefs. There are also many Balinese live in Lombok, especially in the western part of the island. The Wallace Line, named after 19th century naturalist, Alfred Russell Wallace, marks a point of transition between the flora and fauna of Western and Eastern Indonesia and acts as the Western boundary of West Nusa Tenggara which includes the islands of Lombok and Sumbawa. Lombok is noticeably different to its close neighbour, Bali.
Bali Island Denpasar
The capital of the Bali Province is Denpasar. Penida Island and Lembongan Island are included in this province. About three million people reside in the small island of Bali. Bali is also called “The Island of the Gods” and “The Island of Thousands Temples.” Bali has many beautiful beaches, such as Sanur, Kuta, Nusa Dua, and Lovina.Bali is also very famous with its traditional dances, gamelan music, crafts, paintings, woodcarvings, and ceremonies, especially the temple and cremation ceremonies (Ngaben). Every single Hindu-Balinese, from birth to death, undergoes various rituals. It is a mandatory custom for the Balinese children, especially girls, to learn dancing since they are very young.
Maluku or the Moluccas Province consists of thousands of small islands. The capital is Ambon. This province is well-known as “The Spice Islands,” since it produces cloves and nutmegs. The major ethnic group and the indigenous people is the Ambones. They are predominantly Catholics and Protestants, while a few are Muslims. Other ethnic groups are the Javanese and the Buginese who migrated to this island as traders or businessmen. Since 1999 the people of Maluku who are Islams and Catholics have been experiencing religious conflict. Thousands people have been killed and thousands homes have been burnt down. Recently, Maluku Province was divided into two provinces: South Maluku Province and North Maluku Province.
South Sulawesi Ujung Pandang
The capital of South Sulawesi is Makassar, formerly called Ujung Pandang. This town was established on April 1, 1906. This town has the biggest and busiest seaport in the Eastern Indonesia area. South Sulawesi is the hometown of the ethnics Makassar, Bugis, Mandar, and Toraja. Tanah Toraja has a unique burial ceremony. Corpses are not burried, but are placed in caves on the hills. These corpses are accompanied by statues that resemble the deads. During the burial, many buffalo are slaughtered. This makes the burial is very costly. The gateway to Sulawesi is the historic port of Ujung Pandang. Long known as Makassar, Ujung Pandang is one of the few Indonesian cities to embrace the sea. The focus of the town is a long esplanade curling along the bay, with swaying palms, wide sidewalks and colorful shop houses their second-storey terraces offering a commanding view of the beach, bay and tropical sunsets.
Central Sulawesi Palu
All the things are tourism potency that becomes a fascination for tourist to visit it. The fascination of main tourism in Central Sulawesi is megalith omission area of historic epoch, which stay in Bada and Besoa, however the natural beauty and sociability of its public become valuable asset for the tourism expansion in this area. Central Sulawesi is one of regional in Indonesia that has compatible solidarity between natural beauties, cultural properties and long history. Central Sulawesi is originally known to the coastal dwellers as the Loinang. The capital city is Palu. Beside the native people, in this province also live the Javanese and the Balinese, who originally came as transmigrants. Lake Poso and Lake Lindu are located in this province. The Lore Lindu National Park which covers 2,300 square kilometers lies in the southeast of Palu. Other interesting places in this province are the historical site of the settlements of travelers from the Neolithic age along the Karama River.
Southeast Sulawesi Kendari
The capital of the province is Kendari, on the east coast of the peninsula. The province is one of the most remote regions of Sulawesi; no highway connects it to the cities on the rest of the island, so the primary transportation link is a ferry across Bone Sea between Watampone (Bone) in South Sulawesi and Kolaka port. The indigenous people of this province are the people of Tolaki, Morunene, Buton, Muna (locally called the Wuna) and the Bajo.In addition, many other ethnic groups reside here, especially the Balinese who come as transmigrants. This province includes the islands of Wowoni, Butung, Muna, Kabaena and the Tukangbesi. An interesting attraction in Muna is male horse competition. The winner is awarded a female horse. This attraction draws many tourists to this area.
North Sulawesi Manado
The capital of North Sulawesi is Manado. The indigenous people of this province are the Manado and Minahasa people.The province has a vast amount of coconut plantations fringed along the coastline. For that reason, North Sulawesi is called “Bumi Nyiur Melambai” or “The Land of Waving Coconut Palms. There are many places that can be explored and enjoyed in North Sulawesi, such as diving and snorkeling in Bunaken Sea Garden, climbing to the top of mount Klabat in Airmadidi, and seeing the “Waruga,” ancient stone graves in Sawangan Village. The Islands of Talaud and Sangihe are part of this province. People of North Sulawesi love music and they are famed throughout the country for their vocal skills, displayed to best advantage during their rituals, celebrations and gatherings. The Kolintang music instrument originated from Minahasa. It is similar to a wooden xylophone and is popular nationwide.
Indonesia Tourism Information – Irian Jaya Papua
West Irian was united with the Republic of Indonesia in 1962. Before, West Irian was the colony of the Dutch colonial rule until the Indonesian government took it over under the United Nations auspices. This province now has a new name, Papua. There are many tribal groups live in Irian Jaya. One of them is the Asmat, who call themselves “Asmat-ow” which means “We, the real people,” or We, the tree people. The Asmat are now numbered about 65,000. Many of them live in the foothills of the the Jaya wijaya Mountain. Asmat people are very skilled-woodcarvers. People of other ethnic groups, especially the Javanese and the Buginese also live in Papua. A few Balinese people live there as well. Many of the Javanese and the Balinese were migrated to this island by the government under the program of transmigration.